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主题报告:植被影响下的滨河岸带地下水位变动和潜水蒸发研究

2017-12-05 187

主讲人:王铁军 教授

时   间2017年12月7日(星期四)下午15:30-16:30

地   点第16教学楼221报告厅

报告摘要Groundwater evapotranspiration (ETg) is an important component in regional water budgets. In this study, an extensive monitoring network was established in a semiarid riparian area to investigate various controls on the spatiotemporal pattern of water table fluctuations (WTFs) and ETg induced by riparian vegetation. Along a vegetation gradient (~1200 m), diurnal WTFs were observed during a growing season in areas covered by woody species and wet slough vegetation with deeper root systems; whereas, no diurnal WTFs were found in the middle section with shallower-rooted grasses. The occurrence of diurnal WTFs was related to temperature-controlled plant phenology at seasonal scales and to radiation at subdaily scales. Daily ETg in the mid-growing season was calculated using the White method. The results revealed that depth to water table (DTWT) was the dominant control on ETg, followed by potential evapotranspiration (ETp). Finally, exponential relationships between ETg/ETp and DTWT were obtained at the study site, although those relationships varied considerably across the sites. This study demonstrates the complex interactions of WTFs and ETg with surrounding environmental variables and provides further insight into modeling ETg over different time scales and riparian vegetation.